An obstetrician is a medical doctor that specializes in pregnancy and childbirth. Obstetrics is a specialty within the gynecology field, with doctors who care for mothers and their children during prenatal, delivery, and postnatal events.
Obstetricians treat the following conditions:
- Pregnancy and labor
- Prenatal care
- Morning sickness
- Labor induction
- Natural childbirth
- C-section delivery
- Neonatal care
- Pregnancy complications
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Placental abruption
- Uterine rupture
- Umbilical cord prolapse
- Fetal distress
- Obstetrical hemorrhage
Maternal-fetal medicine is a sub-specialty within the field of obstetrics that is often referred to as perinatology. Physicians in this sub-specialty focus on high risk pregnancies and complication. Treatments or surgical intervention may be performed on the mother or the fetus in an effort to reduce morbidity and mortality rates.
Obstetrician Procedures and Treatments:
Obstetricians perform interviews, pelvic examinations, ultrasounds, tests, labor induction, rupture of membranes, vaginal and c-section deliveries, episiotomies, and fetal monitoring during pregnancy. Obstetricians often perform traditional gynecological duties in addition to obstetrical duties.
Obstetrician Profession Details:
After completing a medical degree and two years of experience in a hospital or clinic setting, physicians must complete an additional 4 to 7 years of residency in gynecology and obstetrics residency requirements in addition to any additional certification requirements. Those wishing to pursue a maternal-fetal medicine sub-specialty will need an additional 2 to 3 years of education and clinical experience in an approved fellowship program. The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology provides certification for obstetricians.
What Is the Difference between a Gynecologist and an Obstetrician?
A gynecologist is a physician that focuses on women's health issues, especially those that affect the reproductive system. An obstetrician is a gynecologist with additional training that focuses on pregnancy and childbirth with its related issues. In most cases, a physician that practices one of these specialties also practices the other and often has the label of OBGYN to stand for obstetrician (OB) and gynecologist (GYN).
When Should I See an Obstetrician?
If you are pregnant, you should see an obstetrician for prenatal care and delivery of your baby.
How Can I Find a Good Obstetrician in My Area?
The directory on Wellness.com can help you to locate an obstetrician that practices in your area. You can also check with your family doctor or other health care providers for recommendations. If you have current medical problems, be sure to find an obstetrician that specializes in high risk pregnancies.
Can I See the Obstetrician after Childbirth?
Obstetrician offer postnatal care for a short time following delivery. If your obstetrician also provides gynecological services, you may continue to use this provider for women's health issues.
Obstetrician Related Terms:
obstetrician, obstetrics, gynecology, OBGYN, prenatal, postnatal, neonatal, fetus, childbirth, delivery, high risk pregnancy, pregnancy, reproduction, reproductive, multiple birth, placenta, umbilical cord, c-section, natural childbirth, fetal care, labor