Sepsis and shock


Sepsis, also called systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is a serious illness that occurs when the body is fighting an infection. As the immune system fights against the infection, inflammation occurs, causing an increased heartbeat, rapid breathing, and abnormal temperature.
Without immediate treatment, sepsis can be life-threatening. Severe sepsis, also called septicemia, may cause inflammation and blood clotting throughout the entire body. As a result, one or more internal organs may stop working properly or fail. Sepsis may also lead to a dangerous drop in blood pressure called septic shock.
Septic shock occurs most often in newborns, individuals who older than 50 years of age, and in those who have other long-term illnesses.
Septic shock is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Even with treatment, an estimated 30% of patients with septic shock die. The risk of death increases to 60-80% for newborns, the elderly, and individuals with underlying medical conditions. The patient's prognosis depends on the type of infection, as well as the amount of organ damage that has occurred. If organ damage occurs, it is usually irreversible, even if sepsis is successfully treated.

Related Terms

Activated C-protein, bacteria, bacterial infection, endotoxic shock, immune reaction, immune response, inflammation, inflammation reaction, inflammatory response, infection, sepsis, vasopressors.