Jones counterstrain, also known as strain-counterstrain, is a gentle technique developed to treat neuromuscular and musculo-skeletal problems by Dr. Lawrence Jones in the 1950s. The technique was accidentally discovered by Dr. Jones after trying to move a patient around to make the patient comfortable.
Strain-counterstrain is currently used to correct abnormal nerve and muscle reflexes with the intention of correcting painful postural and structural problems. The technique involves finding tender points, often on or over joints, along the body. A manual therapist uses his hands to position parts of the body in ways that release tight, painful muscles.
Dr. Jones founded the Jones Institute to carry on the promotion of and training of manual therapists in this technique. Today, the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) is also very involved in researching Jones counterstrain. The AOA has published articles as recently as 2005, which have identified new tender points.
Greenman muscle-energy is a phrase developed by the professor and author Dr. Phillip Greenman, to describe the way that certain movements of the body can re-position the body's joints and alignments. The term Greenman muscle-energy is often synonymous with Jones counterstrain.
Many bodywork professionals practice strain counterstrain, including physical therapists, massage therapists, and chiropractors. Although the Jones Institute offers certification in Jones counterstrain, many bodywork-training programs have integrated Jones' ideas into their programs.
Strain-counterstrain is used for a number of medical conditions with muscle involvement including bursitis (inflammation of the bursa, which is a small sac that cushions the joints), tenditonitis (inflammation of a tendon), tension headaches, sciatic nerve irritation, as well as loss of joint mobility.
Bodywork, Greenman muscle-energy, manual therapy, osteopathic manipulation, osteopathy, physical therapy, positional release technique, strain-counterstrain.