Verbena (Verbena officinalis) is a perennial herb native to Europe. Verbena was considered a sacred plant in northern Europe and is said to have been included in love potions. It has been used traditionally in Italian folk medicine for rheumatic pain and wounds and in Ayurvedic medicine as a contraceptive. Verbena is said to be a medicinal plant in Argentina and Paraguay.
Preliminary research suggests potential antioxidant, neurological, and endocrine actions of verbena. However, there is currently insufficient scientific evidence available to support the use of verbena for any condition in humans.
9-OHSA, acteoside, acetylacteoside, adenosine, apigenin, beta-carotene, beta-myrcene, beta-sitosterol, brasoside, chrysoeriol, citral, Cleopatra, daucosterol, dihydrochalcone, dihydroverbenalin, epioleanolic acid, epiursolic acid, flavonoids, gelsemiol, hastatoside, hydroxywogonin, iridoid glucosides, iridoids, isoverbascoside, jionoside, littorachalcone, littoralisone, luteolin, martynoside, methoxyflavone glycosides, neohesperidoside, oleanolic acid, phenylethanoid glycosides, phenylethanoids, phenylpropanoid glycoside, pulchelloside, saponins, stigmastene, trihydroxyflavone, triterpenoids, ursolic acid, verbenachalcone, verbascoside, verbascoside-phenylethanoids, Verbena bipinnatifida, Verbena bonariensis, Verbena elegans, Verbena hybrida spp., Verbena littoralis, Verbena officinalis, Verbena stricta, Verbena triphylla, Verbenaceae (family), verbenalin, verbenin, verbenone, vervain, vitamin K.
Note: This monograph does not include lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla).
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.