Sunflower oil

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Sunflower oil is derived from the seed of the sunflower plant (Helianthus annuus). Sunflower has been cultivated by Native Americans for centuries. They used the plant for dietary, medicinal, and decorative purposes.
Sunflower oil has been used historically as a topical anti-inflammatory and pain reliever, and it is taken by mouth to relieve constipation and ulcers and to treat infection. Recent evidence of high vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acid content in sunflower oil has supported its possible role in reducing inflammation. In recent decades, sunflower oil has been recognized as a low-cholesterol cooking oil with a healthier fatty acid profile than many alternatives.

Related Terms

Abbad el shams (Arabic - Egypt), almindelig solsikke (Danish), alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), auringon ruusu (Finnish), auringonkukka (Finnish), ayçiçeği (Turkish), Corona-solis, engelse zonnebloem (Dutch), floarea soarelui (Romanian), gemeine Sonnenblume (German), gewöhnliche Sonnenblume (German), girasol (Spanish), girasole commune (Italian), girassol (Portuguese), hae ba ra gi (Korean), harilik päevalill (Estonian), hélianthe annuel (French), Helianthi annui oleum, Helianthus annuus, Helianthus annuus L., Helianthus annuus L. ssp. jaegeri (Heiser) Heiser, Helianthus annuus L. ssp. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Cockerell, Helianthus annuus L. ssp. texanus Heiser, Helianthus annuus L. var. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Steyerm., Helianthus annuus L. var. texanus (Heiser) Shinners, Helianthus aridus Rydb., Helianthus lenticularis Douglas ex Lindl., high-palmitic sunflower oil, himawari (Japanese), ilíanthos (Greek), isoauringonkukka (Finnish), koujitsuki (Japanese), linoleic acid, marigold of Peru, mirasol (Filipino), n-6-polyunsaturated fatty acids, napraforgó (Hungarian), navadna sončnica (Slovene), NuSun®, oleic acid rich sunflower oil, Oleozon®, ozonized sunflower oil, podsolnechnik (Russian), podsolnechnik maslichnyi (Russian), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), slonecznik (Polish), slonecznik roczny (Polish), słonecznik zwyczajny (Polish), slunečnice roční (Czech), Sola Indianus, solros (Swedish), solsikke (Norwegian, Danish), solvendel (Norwegian), Sonnenblume (German), spóri iliánthu (Greek), sunflower oil esters of plant sterols, sunflower oil triglyceride emulsion, sunflower seed oil, suraj mukhi (Hindi), tournesol (French), xiang ri ku (Chinese), zonnebloem (Dutch).

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
 
Tinea pedis (athlete's foot) (Grade: B)
Clinical research indicates that the ozonized sunflower oil product Oleozon® is as effective as ketoconazole, an established therapy, for the treatment of tinea pedis. Further research is needed before a stronger conclusion can be made.
Blood clotting disorders (Grade: C)
Limited research shows that sunflower oil reduced levels of fibrinogen and one of its breakdown products in patients with high blood levels of fibrinogen. Additional research is required before a conclusion can be made.
Breast inflammation (Grade: C)
Limited research suggests that sunflower oil may not affect the levels of two markers of inflammation in breast milk, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Further clinical research is required before a conclusion can be made.
Cardiovascular risk reduction (Grade: C)
Limited research suggests that sunflower oil, which contains a high level of unsaturated fat, may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease risk factors, including blood cholesterol levels. Additional studies are needed before a conclusion can be made.
Chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease (Grade: C)
Research suggests that sunflower oil may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Further research with large-scale, well-designed trials is needed before a conclusion can be made.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (Grade: C)
Limited research suggests that sunflower oil may improve glucose control and lower total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol. Additional research is needed before a conclusion can be made.
Hyperlipidemia (Grade: C)
Limited research suggests that sunflower oil may help reduce blood levels of cholesterol. Additional research is needed before a conclusion can be made.
Atherosclerosis (Grade: D)
Limited research suggests that fats found in sunflower oil may not have an effect on the stability of atherosclerotic plaques (hardening of the arteries). Additional research is needed before a conclusion can be made.
Hypertension (Grade: D)
Research suggests that sunflower oil may not have an effect on blood pressure in patients diagnosed with high blood pressure. Further research is needed before a firm conclusion can be made.
Peripheral vascular disease (Grade: D)
Limited research suggests that sunflower oil may have some effect on low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Further research is needed before a conclusion can be made.
Vitamin A deficiency (Grade: D)
At this time, it appears that sunflower oil may not increase the level of vitamin A in blood or breast milk of pregnant or breastfeeding women.