About twenty-five species of squill have been described. Red squill and white squill varieties are distinguished by herbalists. No essential difference exists in the medicinal properties of the two kinds. The bulb has been used mainly as a stimulant, expectorant and diuretic. The fresh bulb is slightly more active medicinally than the dried bulb, but it also contains a sticky acrid juice that can cause skin inflammations.
Squill seems to have cardiac effects similar to digoxin, although to a lesser degree, due to its poor absorption. Therefore, serious caution is indicated before its use.
Basal tal-ghansar, bulbo de escila, Charybdis martima, Drimia maritime, European squill, ghansar, Indian squill, maritime squill, Mediterranean squill, Meerzwiebel, methylproscillaridin, pharmacist's squill, proscillaridine A, red squill, scilla, Scilla maritime, Scilla maritima (Linn.), Scillia urginea, scille, sea onion, sea squill, sea squill bulb, Urginea indica, Urginea maritima, Urginea maritima Baker, Urginea maritime, Urginea pancreatium, Urginea scilla, white sea onion, white squill.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Coronary artery disease
Currently, there is insufficient available evidence to recommend for or against the use of squill for coronary artery disease. Additional study is needed.