Salacia plant species are found in India, Sri Lanka, China, and other Southeast Asian countries. Salacia species have been used in traditional systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda and Unani, to treat diabetes, obesity, gonorrhea, rheumatism, itching, and asthma. Extracts from Salacia species (including Salacia chinensis, Salacia reticulata, and Salacia oblonga) are consumed in Japan, Korea, the United States, and India as a food supplement to prevent and manage obesity and diabetes.
There is limited research on the use of Salacia for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. More high-quality studies are needed.
Abruslactone, beta-daucosterol, beta-sitosterol, catechins, Celastraceae (family), celastrol, chundan, dihydroxyfriedelin, diterpenes, egallic acid, ekanayaka, epicatechin, ethyl gallate, foliasalacin, foliasalacioside, friedelane, friedelin, friedelinol, friedooleanan, gallic acid, hentriacontan, hentriacontanol, Hippocrateaceae (family), hydroxyfriedelan, hydroxyfriedelin, hydroxyisoiguesterin, hydroxymaytenin, ilogen-excel, isoiguesterin, isoiguesterinol, isoiguesterol, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, kathala hibutu, kotalagenin, kotalanol, lupeol, mangiferin, maytenin, mbondi, methylepigallocatechin, netzahualcoyene, netzahualcoyonol, normoretane, oleanane, oxoisoiguesterin, ponkoranol, ponkoranti, pristimerin, proanthocyanidins, quercetin, quinonemethide triterpenoids, regeol, Salacia chinensis, Salacia fimbrisepala, Salacia hainanensis, Salacia mamba, Salacia miegei, Salacia oblonga, Salacia petenensis, Salacia pynaertii, Salacia reticulata, salacin, salacinol, salaquinone, salasol, salasone, saptrangi, sulfonated kotalanol, tingenine, tingenone, tirucalladien, triptocalline, triterpenes, ursolic acid, ursolid acid.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
There is limited research on the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes with either