Resveratrol is a natural compound that is found in more than 70 plant species, including nuts, grapes, pine trees, and certain vines, as well as in red wine. It is thought to play a role in preventing heart disease. Much research has focused on the potential health benefits of resveratrol due to the "French paradox," the finding that death rates from heart disease are lower in France, where red wine consumption is common.
Early studies have shown that resveratrol has antioxidant, anticancer, antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial effects. Since resveratrol is found in grapes and wines, early research focused on linking resveratrol to the potential heart health benefits of moderate wine drinking. However, this research has expanded to examine the effects of resveratrol on many medical conditions, including cancer, bacterial and viral infections, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease.
Although some research suggests that drinking wine may reduce the risk of cancer or heart disease, high-quality human studies that support this benefit are lacking at this time.
According to a report, Dr. D. K. Das, a lead researcher in the field of resveratrol and heart health, has been found guilty of fabrication and falsification of data. Some of the studies in this monograph were authored or partially authored by Dr. Das. He is currently associated with scientific controversy, as is the brand of resveratrol Longevinex®.
Acetylated derivatives of resveratrol (mono, di, tri), Ban-Ji-Ryun, Banjiryun, Ban-Zhi-Lian, Bauhinia racemosa, Belamcanda chinensis, bergenin, betulin, betulinic acid, bilberries, blueberries, cis-piceid, cis-resveratrol (cis-3,4,5-trihydroxystilbene), Cissus quadrangularis, DMU 212, Elephantorrhiza goetzei, epsilon-Viniferin (a dimer of resveratrol), Erythrophleum lasianthum (Caesalpinioidae, Leguminosae), Eucalyptus sideroxylon, Eucalyptus wandoo, extrait de vin (French), extrait de vin rouge (French), flavanoid, French paradox, gnetin H (a resveratrol analog), Gnetum montanum, grape polyphenols, grape seed proanthycyanidin extract (GSPE), grape skin, heyneanol A (a resveratrol tetramer), hu zhang, hydroxystilbene, hydroxystilbene-1, ko-jo-kon, Liliaceae, Longevinex®, lyophilized grape powder (LGP), mangiferonic acid, mulberries, nonflavanoid polyphenol, nuts, Paeonia lactiflora Pall. (Paeoniaceae), pallidol, parthenocissine A, peanuts, phenolic antioxidant, phytoalexin, phytoalexine, phytoantitoxin, phytoestrogens, phytohormones, phyto-oestrogène (French), phytostilbene, Picea excelsa, piceatannol, pilule de vin, Polygonum cuspidatum, polyphenol, prenylflavanone, protykin, purple grape juice, quadrangularin, red grape skins, red grapes, red wine, red wine polyphenol, RESV, resverol, resveratrol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, resveratrol disulfate, resveratrol sulfate glucuronide, resveratrol-3-O-glucuronide, resveratrol-3-O-sulfate, resveratrol-4'-O-glucuronide, resveratrol-4'-O-sulfate, resveratrol triphosphate, ResVida®, Revidox®, Reynoutria japonica, RSV, RSVL, Scutellaria barbata D.Don (Lamiaceae), Sophora moorcroftiana Benth., Sophora tomentosa L., spruce, SRT501, stilbene, stilbene derivative resveratrol (RES), stilbene phytoalexin, stilbene polyphenol, stilbenoid, Stilvid®, suffruticosol B (a resveratrol analog), trans-3,4,5'-trihydroxystibene, trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene, transhydroxystilbene, trans-piceid, trans-resveratrol, trans-resveratrol-3-sulfate, tyrphostin, vatdiospyroidol (a resveratrol tetramer), Vaticapauciflora, Vatica rassak (Dipterocarpaceae), vaticanol C (a resveratrol tetramer), vaticaphenol A, Veratrum taliense, viniferin (a resveratrol analog), Vitis vinifera L.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Early research suggests that resveratrol applied to the skin may benefit people who have acne. More studies are needed before conclusions can be made.
There is some evidence suggesting that compounds that contain resveratrol, such as red wine or grape powder, may decrease inflammation. Research has been done to better understand the potential anti-inflammatory benefits of resveratrol. However, information is limited, and further research is needed before conclusions can be made.
Chronic obstructive lung disease
Early research suggests that resveratrol may help reduce inflammation associated with chronic obstructive lung disease. Other studies found that a combination product containing resveratrol improved symptoms. Further research is needed.
Early evidence suggests that resveratrol may increase blood flow, but there are mixed results as to whether resveratrol may affect cognitive function. Further research is needed.
Although the topic has not been well studied in humans, early research suggests that resveratrol may increase insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels in people who have diabetes. More research is needed before conclusions can be made.
Exercise performance enhancement
Preliminary evidence suggests that a mixture including resveratrol may result in decreased heart rate associated with exercise. Further research is required on exercise performance with resveratrol alone.
Early studies examined the use of a combination therapy that included resveratrol for heart disease risk, but the effect of resveratrol alone cannot be determined from these. A patented product (Stilvid®) containing resveratrol-enriched grape extract was found to offer some beneficial effects on heart disease risk factors. In other research, resveratrol improved heart function in healthy, exercising people. More studies are needed.
Resveratrol has been included in many herbal supplements that are meant to increase lifespan and prevent aging. However, reliable human research is lacking, and more high-quality studies are needed to determine the effects of resveratrol alone.
Early research suggests that resveratrol supplementation may enhance the effects of the seasonal flu vaccine. More high-quality studies are needed.
Early research suggests that resveratrol may not affect body mass but may still contribute to weight loss by improving metabolism. More research is needed.