Pygeum (Prunus africanum, Pygeum africanum)


The Pygeum africanum (African plum) tree is a tall evergreen of the family Rosaceae found in central and southern Africa. Its bark has been used medicinally for thousands of years. Traditional African healers have used the bark to treat bladder and urination disorders, particularly symptoms associated with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), which is an enlarged prostate. Historically, the bark was powdered and used to make a tea, which was taken by mouth for these conditions.
The African plum tree has become endangered due to the demand for its bark to process Pygeum africanum extract.
The majority of trials conducted since the 1970s report improvements in BPH symptoms, including frequency of nighttime urination, urine flow rate, and left over urine volume, with the administration of Pygeum africanum bark extract. This research has led some credibility to the common use of this agent in Europe for BPH. The herb is less commonly used in the United States where prescription drugs or the herb saw palmetto is more commonly used.

Related Terms

African cherry, African P. africanum extract, African plum tree, African prune tree, African stinkwood, alumty (Bamenda, Cameroon), bitter almond, bitteramandel (Kenya), ciruelo africano (Spanish), ferulic acid esters of fatty acids, gwabuzito (Uganda), gwane (African), gyabazito (Uganda), Harzol®, iluo, iron wood, kanda stick (Cameroon), kiburraburra (Swahili), kirah (Banso, Cameroon), kotofihy (Madagascar), lluo (Kom - Cameroon), mgambo (Swahili), mkomahoya (Swahili), mkonohoyo (Tanzania), mseneo (Tanzania), muchambati (Zimbabwe), muchati (Zimbabwe), mueri (Kenya), muiri, mutimailu (Kenya), Natal tree, ntasesa (Uganda), ol-koijuk (Tanzania), olkonjuku (Tanzania), phytoesterols, Pigenil®, Pigeum africanum, Pronitol®, Prostatonin®, Provol®, prunier d'afrique, Pygeum africana, red stinkwood, rooistinkhout (Afrikaans), Rosaceae (family), Tadenan®, tenduet (Kenya), umDumizula (South Africa), triterpenes, umkakase (Xhosa), V1326, vla (Oku, Cameroon), wotangue (Bakweri).

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Benign prostatic hypertrophy/BPH symptoms (Grade: A)
Pygeum (