Peony

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Peony root has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries. Peony flowers are also used medicinally, for example, in cough syrups and in herbal teas. In combination with other herbs, peony has been used to treat a wide variety of health conditions, including menstrual problems, kidney problems, pulmonary heart disease, uterine fibroids, and pneumonia. Peony has been applied to the skin to prevent wrinkles and has been taken by mouth to treat pulmonary heart disease and liver problems caused by chronic hepatitis.
There is good scientific evidence of an effect of peony in the treatment of pulmonary heart disease. There is also a growing body of research on TCM formulas containing peony for women's health conditions including menstrual problems, uterine fibroids, hormone regulation, and heart disease prevention. Higher quality studies are needed before a firm recommendation can be made.

Related Terms

European peony, mudanpi (Chinese), Paeonia, Paeonia emodi Wall, Paeonia L., Paeonia lactiflora, Paeonia lactiflora Pallas, Paeonia mascula, Paeonia officinalis, Paeonia radix, Paeonia rubra, Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews, Paeonia veitchii, Paeoniaceae (family), paeoniae flos, paeoniflorgenin (PG), paeoniflorin, paeony, partially purified paeoniflorin (PF), peony flower, peony root, PG, PGG, phenolic glycoside, piney, Quilinggao, Ranunculaceae (family), red peony root, resveratrol, Shakuyaku, stilbenes, total glucosides of Peony (TGP), Unkei-to.
Note: Peony root is not to be confused with peony flower.

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
 
Heart disease (pulmonary) (Grade: B)
Pulmonary heart disease is a structural problem with the heart that is caused by a problem with the respiratory system. Studies suggest peony may benefit pulmonary heart disease. More research is needed before a firm recommendation may be made.
Allergic skin disease (Grade: C)
Peony root may have beneficial effects on immune function. These effects may help decrease inflammation associated with allergic skin reactions. There is currently not enough evidence to recommend for or against the use of peony in allergic skin conditions.
Antioxidant (Grade: C)
Peony root may have antioxidant effects. More research is needed to better understand the antioxidant potential of peony.
Heart disease (prevention) (Grade: C)
Peony may have positive effects on blood circulation and tone of the heart muscle and may help to prevent heart disease. Additional high-quality research is needed to support this traditional use.
Heart disease (treatment) (Grade: C)
Human studies suggest peony may help in the treatment of heart disease. More research is needed before a recommendation can be made.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (Grade: C)
Hemolytic disease of the newborn is a condition that occurs when the blood types of the mother and the newborn are incompatible. Studies in humans have used a traditional Chinese herbal medicine containing peony to prevent this condition. More evidence is needed.
High blood pressure (during pregnancy) (Grade: C)
Studies in humans have used peony for the treatment of high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy. More evidence is needed.
High cholesterol (Grade: C)
Human studies in postmenopausal women suggest peony may have beneficial effects on cholesterol levels in the blood. More research is needed to support this use of peony.
Hormone regulation (Grade: C)
Human studies have shown that peony may have hormonal activity. More studies are needed before a recommendation can be made.
Kidney problems (crescentic nephritis) (Grade: C)
Human studies suggest that patients with a type of kidney disease called crescentic nephritis may need less glucocorticoid medication with use of peony. More research is needed to support this use.
Liver inflammation (cirrhosis) (Grade: C)
Peony has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat liver disease. Larger, higher quality trials are needed to support this use of peony.
Lung cancer (Grade: C)
Although not well-studied in humans, peony may have anti-cancer activity. More high-quality studies are needed in this area.
Menstrual problems (Grade: C)
Traditionally, peony was used to treat menstrual problems and lack of a menstrual period. Preliminary research suggests that peony may have hormonal effects. More research is needed to support the use of peony for menstrual problems.
Rheumatoid arthritis (Grade: C)
Peony's anti-inflammatory effects may benefit patients with rheumatoid arthritis. There is currently not enough evidence for or against this use of peony.
Stomach disorders (Campylobacter pyloridis) (Grade: C)
Peony root may have immune-stimulating properties. These effects may be of benefit in stomach disorders caused by the bacteria
Uterine fibroids (myomas) (Grade: C)
Peony may have hormonal activity that may have an effect on uterine fibroids. There is currently not enough evidence for or against this use of peony.
Wrinkle prevention (Grade: C)
A compound found in peony may have anti-aging properties. Additional evidence is needed before a recommendation may be made.