Monterey pine


Pinus radiata (Monterey pine), is a tree native to coastal California and Mexico. Native American tribes of the West Coast of North America used Monterey pine to expel parasites, as an antiseptic, diuretic, and skin reddener, for water filtration, and to treat bladder problems, colds, coughs, influenza, kidney problems, migraine headache, joint and muscle problems, sores, and tuberculosis. Currently, Monterey pine is used around the world for timber.
High quality research supporting the use of Monterey pine for any medical condition is currently lacking. Enzogenol®, a commercially available dietary supplement that contains Monterey pine extract, has been shown in clinical trials to have antioxidant properties and to improve heart health and mental performance. While these findings are promising, additional research is needed.

Related Terms

Astringenen, borovice montereyská (Czech), borovice paprsčitá (Czech), Cambria pine, catechin, Cedros Island pine, dihydroquercetin, Enzogenol®, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, esters, ferulic acid, flavonoid glycosides, flavonoids, flavonols, flavanones, glucopyranoside, glucopyranosiduronic acid, Guadalupe Island pine, hydroxybenzoic acid, insignis pine, insignisden (Afrikaans), MGX-008, Monterey pine, Monterey-Kiefer (German), montoree matsu (Japanese), myricetin, natural organic acids, pin de Monterey (French), pin remarquable (French), piñeiro de repoboación (Portuguese), pino de repoblación (Spanish), pino di Monterey (Italian), pino insigne (Italian), Pinus insignis, Pinus radiata, Pinus tuberculata, proanthocyandins, quercetin, radiata pine, sosna kalifornijska (Polish), sosna luchistaya (Russian), taxifolin, trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, trans-caffeic acid, trans-ferulic acid, transgenic radiata pine, vanillic acid.
Selected combination products: In addition to Pinus radiata extract, products marketed as "Enzogenol®" may contain additional substances including, but not limited to, grapeseed extract (Vitis vinifera), rutin, or selenium.

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Antioxidant (Grade: C)
Antioxidant-rich plants such as Monterey pine may offer protection against degenerative diseases and aging. Early studies showed that a combination of Monterey pine and vitamin C decreased cell damage from oxidation. Additional research is needed.
Cardiovascular health (heart and blood vessel health) (Grade: C)
Heart tissue can be damaged by oxidants. Antioxidant-rich plants such as Monterey pine may help protect the heart against the damaging effects of oxidants. Early human study showed that a dietary supplement containing Monterey pine extract and vitamin C was safe, well tolerated, and may have heart health benefits. However, other study produced conflicting results. Further research is required before a conclusion can be made.
Mental performance (Grade: C)
Antioxidants, including those in Monterey Pine, may protect against age-related decline in mental abilities and improve mental performance. In early study, a preparation of Monterey pine and vitamin C improved mental function in older men more than vitamin C alone. Additional study is required.