Lemongrass (Cymbopogon spp.)

background

Lemongrass is grown in Guatemala, India, Paraguay, England, Sri Lanka, China, and other parts of Indochina, Africa, Central America, and South America. It has been used traditionally to lower high blood pressure and as an anti-inflammatory. In India, lemongrass is used as a medicinal herb and in perfumes. It is also used in Brazilian folk medicine in a tea called abafado, as a sedative, for gastrointestinal problems, and for fever. Lemongrass oil has a fresh, strong, lemon-like, and pungent odor and is used in deodorants, herbal teas, skin care products, fragrances, and insect repellents, and for aromatherapy.
Research is being conducted to examine the potential antimalarial, antioxidant, anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties of lemongrass. Currently, there is very little scientific evidence investigating the use of lemongrass in humans.

Related Terms

Abafado (Portuguese), alpha-citral, alpha-eudesmol, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpineole, Andropogon citratus, Andropogon nardus, bai mak nao (Lao), beta-citral (neral), beta-eudesmol, beta-myrcene, bhustrina (India), borneol, British Indian lemongrass, caffeic acid, camphene, capim-cidrão (Portuguese), carene-2, caspase-3, Ceylon citronella grass, chlorogenic acid, citral, citronella oil, citronellal, citronellol, Cochin lemongrass, cryptomeridiol, (+)-cymbodiacetal, Cymbopogon ambiguus, Cymbopogon citrates, Cymbopogon citratus DC., Cymbopogon excavatus, Cymbopogon flexuosus, Cymbopogon goeringii, Cymbopogon martinii, Cymbopogon nardus, Cymbopogon proximus, Cymbopogon schoenanthus L., Cymbopogon winterianus, Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt, East Indian lemongrass, elemicin, elemol, erba di limone (Italian), essência de capim-limão (Portuguese), essential oils, farnesol, fever grass, geraniol, geranium grass, geranyl acetate, germacrene-D, Graminaeae (family), Guatemala lemongrass, Halfa barr, herbe de citron (French), hierba de limón (Spanish), java citronella, lemon grass, lemon grass extract (LGE), lemon grass oil, lemon herbs, lemongrass oil, lemongrass stalk, Lg, limonene, linalool, Madagascar lemongrass, Melissa grass, MYR, myrcene, Natrapel®, neochlorogenic acid, neral, nerolidol, palmarosa, palmarosa oil, pinene, piperitone, Poaceae (family), proximadiol, Santalum acuminatum, santolinyl acetate, sera (India, Sinhalese), serai (Malay), sere (Indonesian), sereh (Indonesian), Sudanese flora, takrai (Thai), terpene beta-myrcene, West Indian lemongrass, Zitronengras (German).
Note: This review does not include citronella oil or stone root.

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
 
High cholesterol (Grade: C)
Early research has not shown any effect of lemongrass on serum cholesterol levels. However, more research is warranted in this area.
Sedation (Grade: C)
Lemongrass is used in Brazilian folk medicine for nervous disturbances. However, early study of lemongrass has not confirmed this use. More research is needed.
Thrush (Grade: C)
Early research suggests that lemongrass may have beneficial effects for the treatment of oral candidiasis in patients with HIV/AIDS. More research is needed in this area.