In folk medicine, jequirity is taken by mouth to quicken labor, induce abortion, provide oral contraception, treat diabetes and kidney inflammation, and relieve pain in terminally ill patients. The whole plant has been used for eye inflammations.
Abrin, a constituent of jequirity (Abrus precatorius), is toxic, and ingestion of one bean by a child may be fatal. Boiling the seeds reportedly deactivates the toxins. Abrin is being investigated for the treatment of experimental cancers and is used as a "molecular probe" to investigate cell function.
2,3,6-Tri-O-methyl-D-glucose, 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-D-mannose, 3-O-[6'-methyl-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-3beta,22beta-dihydroxyolean-12-en-29-oic acid methyl ester, 3-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranosylsophoradiol methyl ester, (20S,22S)-3beta,22-dihydroxycucurbita-5(10),24-diene-26,29-dioic acid delta-lactone, abrin, abrin-I, abrin-II, abrin-III, abrin A, abrin B, abrin C, abrine, abruoside A, abruoside B, abruoside C, abruoside D, abruquinone A, abruquinone B, abruquinone D, abruquinone E, abruquinone F, abruquinone G, Abrusabrus (L.) W.Wight, abrus agglutinin, Abrus cantoniensis, Abrus precatorius Linn., Abrus pulchellus, abrus seed, abrus-a, abrusgenic acid, abruslactone, abrusogenin, aivoeiro, AP-3, APA-1, APA-II, arraccu-mitim, Ayurvedic phytomedicine, bead vine, beta-cholanic acid, black-eyed Susan, blackeyed Susan, Buddhist rosary bead, cain ghe, Carolina muida, chapelet, colorine, coral bean, crab's eye, crabs eye, deadly crab's eye, degraded glucomannan, ellagic acid, essential amino acids, flavonol glycoside 7,3',5'-trimethoxy-4'-hydroxy flavone-3-O-beta-D-galactosyl-(l-->4)-alpha-L-xyloside, gallic acid, Glycine abrus L., graines reglisse (French), gunchi, gunja (Bengali, Hindi, Kannada), hint meyankoku, hung tou, hyaphorine, Indian bead, Indian licorice, Indian liquorice, isotoxic proteins, jequerit, jequirity bean, jequirity seed, jumble beads, juquiriti, lady bug bean, lady bug seed, lectins, legume, Leguminosae (family), liane reglisse (French), lipids, love bean, lucky bean, ma liao tou, methyl abrusgenate, ojo de pájaro, paratella, paternoster, peonia, peonia de St. Tomas, peronilla, phytoagglutinin, phytotoxin, pois rouge (French), prayer beads, prayer head, precatorine, precatory bean, rakat, ratti (Gujarati), reglisse, rosary beads, rosary pea, ruti, rutti, seminole bead, sophoradiol, tentos da America (Portuguese), temtos dos mundos (Portuguese), tento muido (Portuguese), to-azuki (Japnaese), tribal pulse, triterpenoid saponin-1, triterpenoid saponin-2, weather plant, weesboontje, wild licorice.
Note: The ingestion of Abrus precatorius seeds may be toxic. Side effects may include severe stomach symptoms and possibly even death.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.