The gardenia family (Rubiaceae) contains 10,200 species. The most commonly used species in medicine is Gardenia jasminoides (Cape jasmine).
Gardenia has been used in Asian traditional medicine for centuries. It is believed to have sedative, laxative, and fever-reducing effects, and it has also been used to treat bacterial infections, diabetes, liver disease, gallbladder disease, and some skin disorders. However, more human clinical trials are needed to confirm these effects.

Related Terms

Cape jasmine, chlorogenic acid, crocetin, crocin, crocin-1, crocin-2, crocin-3, dikamali (India), forest gardenia, fructus Gardeniae, Gardenia actinocarpa, Gardenia aqualla, Gardenia aubryi, Gardenia augusta, gardenia blue, Gardenia brighamii, Gardenia buffalina, Gardenia carinata, Gardenia cornuta, Gardenia erubescens, Gardenia flava, Gardenia fortune, Gardenia fructus, Gardenia gummifera, Gardenia imperialis, Gardenia jasminoides, Gardenia jovis-tonantis, Gardenia latifolia, Gardenia lutea, Gardenia manii, Gardenia resinifera, Gardenia resiniflua, Gardenia saxatilis, Gardenia sootepensis, Gardenia taitensis, Gardenia ternifolia, Gardenia thailandica, Gardenia volkensii, gardenia yellow, genipin, geniposide, geniposidic acid, gentiobioside, giginya, iridoid glycoside, kuchinashi (Japanese), na'u (Hawaiian), Oahu gardenia, Rubiaceae, sokujikoh (Japanese), Tahitian gardenia, ursolic acid, zhi zi (Chinese).
Combination product examples: Inchinko-to (Artemisia capillaris spike, gardenia fruit, and rhubarb rhizome); Long-dan-tan (gardenia fruit, Gentiana root, Scutellaria root, Alisma rhizome, and Bupleurum root); Oren-gedoku-to (OGT, Scutellaria baicalensis, Coptis japonica, Gardenia jasminoides, and Phellodendron amurense); sasim (gardenia and six herbs); Unmadnashak ghrita (Ferula narthex (6g), Gardenia gummifera (6g), Elettaria cardamom (6g), Bacopa monnieri (6g), and cow's ghee (clarified butter fat, 76g)); Yin-chen-hao-tang (Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (Compositae), Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae), Rheum officinale Baill. (Polygonaceae)); Yin Zhi Huang (artemisia, gardenia, rheum, and Scutellaria baicalensis).

evidence table

These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.