Fumaria, also called fumitory, is an annual flowering plant native to parts of Europe and Asia. There are about 50 different species of fumaria, and Fumaria officinalis is the most common variety.
The plant contains compounds called alkaloids, which are believed to treat muscle spasms and skin disease. Oddibil®, an Austrian drug made from fumaria, is marketed as a treatment for gallbladder disease.
Bastard's fumitory, common fumitory, Cornish fumitory, dense-flowered fumitory, drug fumitory, earth smoke, few-flowered fumitory, fineleaf fumitory, flor de pajarito (Spanish), fumaria, Fumaria asepala, Fumaria bastardii, Fumaria bella, Fumaria capreolata, Fumaria cilicica, Fumaria densiflora, Fumaria flabellata, Fumaria hygrometrica, Fumaria indica, Fumaria judaica, Fumaria kralikii, Fumaria macrocarpa, Fumaria martinii, Fumaria muralis, Fumaria occidentalis, Fumaria officinalis, Fumaria parviflora, Fumaria petteri, Fumaria purpurea, Fumaria reuteri, Fumaria schleicheri, Fumaria vaillantii, Fumariaceae, fumariline, fumeterre, fuyuziphine, Martin's fumitory, Oddibil®, Papaveraceae, protopine, purple ramping fumitory, sanguinarine, shahterah, tall ramping fumitory, wall fumitory, western fumitory, white ramping fumitory.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Abdominal pain (cholecystopathy)
An Austrian preparation of Fumaria, called Oddibil®, has been used to treat symptoms of cholecystopathy (gallbladder disease). Further research is required before conclusions can be made.
Irritable bowel syndrome
Preliminary research has investigated the potential benefits of