Lomatium is a genus of 70 to 80 perennial herbs, which are native to western North America. Species include Lomatium dissectum, Lomatium grayi, Lumatium nuttalii, and Lomatium suksdorfii. Much of the information reported by scientific and by traditional or historical sources refers to desert parsley (Lomatium dissectum).
Desert parsley has been used by many Native American tribes to treat a wide variety of infections, mainly of the lungs. Historical and traditional sources report that desert parsley was used during the influenza pandemic of 1917 with positive results.
Lomatium species have inhibited rotavirus and HIV-1 replication in some laboratory studies.
There is limited scientific and human research involving Lomatium dissectum or any other species of Lomatium. More high quality scientific and human studies are needed before any conclusions about the clinical use of desert parsley can be made.
Apiose, big turnip, biscuit root, chocolate tip, coniferyl ferulate, cough root, coumarin glycosides, cous (Nimipu), desert parnip, fernleaf biscuit root, fern-leafed lomatium, ferula dissolute, ferulic acid, flavonoids, Indian balsam, Indian carrot, Indian consumption plant, Indian desert parsnip, Indian parsnip, leptotaenia, leptotaenia dissecta, lomatium, Lomatium californicum, Lomatium dissectum, Lomatium grayi, Lomatium nuttallii, Lomatium suksdorfii, luteolin, pungent desert parsley, suksdorfin, tetronic acid, tohza, toza, Umbelliferae (family), wild black carrot, wild carrot.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.