Chanca piedra is a plant found in the Amazon rainforests and other tropical areas. It can grow to a height of 30-40 centimeters.
Chanca piedra has a history in herbal medicine. It has been used to treat bacterial infections, diabetes, hepatitis, high blood pressure, liver diseases, and viral infections, as well as bile duct, intestine, liver, stomach, and urinary conditions.
At this time, there is a lack of studies to support chanca piedra for any use. Early research suggests its abilities to fight viruses, prevent formation of calculi (mineral stones in organs), protect the liver, and reduce blood sugar and blood pressure. Additional information is needed in these areas.
1,2-Benzendicarboxylic acid, 1-galloyl-2,3-dehydrohexahydroxydiphenyl (DHHDP)-glucose, 1-O-galloyl-2,4-dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl-glucopyranose, 1-O-galloyl-6-O-luteoyl-a-D-glucose, 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-8-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-chroman-4-one, 2Z,6Z,10Z,14E,18E-farnesyl farnesol, 3-(3,4-dimethoxy-benzyl)-4-(7-methoxy-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-methyl)-dihydrofuran-2-one, 4-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-1-(7-methoxy-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-2,3-bis-methoxymethyl-butan-1-ol, 4,4,8-trimethoxy chroman, 4',4?'di-O-methyl cupressuflavone, 4-methoxy-nor-securinine, 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone, 8-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-2-phenyl chroman-4-one, 35kDa protein molecule, acyclic triterpene, alkaloids, amariin (1-galloyl-2,4:3,6-bis-dehydrohexahydroxydiphenoyl-glucopyranosid), amariinic acid, arabinogalactan, arranca-pedras, beta-sitosterol, bhumyamalaki, biflavonoid, bis (2-ethyl hexyl) ester, brevifolin carboxylic acid, (+)-catechin, Cim-Jeevan, CIM/NPA24, CIM/PA 117, CIM/PAG-1, corilagin, coumarins, cubebin dimethyl ether, dibenzylbutyrolactone, diterpenes, dotriacontanyl docosanoate, elaeocarpusin, ellagic acid, ent-norsecurinine, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epicatechin 3-O-gallate, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate, ethyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate, ethyl brevifolin carboxylate, ethyl oleate, Euphorbiaceae (family), flavonoids, gallic acid, (+)-gallocatechin, galloylglucose, geraniin, geraniinic acid B, glycoflavones, glycoside, hexahydrofarnesyl acetone, hydroxy-lignans, hypophyllanthin, isoquercetin, isocorilagin, isolintetralin, lactones, lignan, linalool, meniran, methyl brevifolin carboxylate, methyl brevifolincarboxylate, methyl dehydrochebulate, minerals, naphthalene, neolignan, niranthin, nirphyllin, nirtetralin, niruriflavone, niruriside, norsecurinine, Nymphanthus niruri, oleanolic acid, orthosiphol G, orthosiphol I, oxalates, Phyllanthus amarus [Phyllanthus niruri] cv. Navyakrit, para-parai mí, pentacosane, p-glucogallin, phyllanthin, phyllanthine (4-methoxy-securinine), Phyllanthus amarus Linn., Phyllanthus amarus Sch. et Thonn., Phyllanthus amarus Schum. and Thonn., Phyllanthus amarus Schumach., Phyllanthus carolinianus, Phyllanthus fraternus, Phyllanthus kirganella, Phyllanthus lathyroides, Phyllanthus lonphali, Phyllanthus niruri Hook.f., Phyllanthus sellowianus, Phyllanthus sellowianus Muller Arg., phyllanthusiin D, phyllnirurin, phyltetralin, phytol, quebra-pedra, quercetin, quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(2-->1)-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1->4)-alpha-rhamnopyranoside, repandusinic acid, repandusinic acid A, rutin, saponins, sarandi blanco, seco-lignan, securinega-type alkaloids (isobubbialine and epibubbialine), securinine, steroids, tannins, taung-ze-phyu, terpenoids, trans-phytol, triacontanal, triacontanol, urinatetralin, ursolic acid, volatile oil.
Note: Although there are over 600 species in the Phyllanthus genus, three are considered to be chanca piedra: Phyllanthus sellowianus, Phyllanthus amarus, and Phyllanthus niruri. These species are very similar, and the terms are often used interchangeably.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.
Acute viral hepatitis
Research using chanca piedra in viral hepatitis patients has reached conflicting conclusions. Additional research is needed in this area.
Early research suggests that chanca piedra may reduce blood sugar in some individuals with diabetes. However, the effect of chanca piedra on blood sugar is inconclusive.
Research using chanca piedra in hepatitis B individuals has conflicting conclusions. Additional research is needed in this area.
High blood pressure
Early research suggests that chanca piedra may reduce blood pressure and blood sugar in individuals with high blood pressure. Additional research is needed in this area.
Early research suggests that chanca piedra may reduce HIV replication. Additional research is needed in this area.
Early research suggests that chanca piedra may prevent liver damage in individuals with liver disease. Additional research is needed in this area.
Tonsillitis (throat infection)
Early research suggests a combination of black cumin and chanca piedra extract may benefit throat infection. The effect of chanca piedra alone is unclear. Additional research in this area is needed.
Early research suggests that chanca piedra may benefits patients after shock therapy for kidney stones. However, other research suggests that chanca piedra may only affect urinary calcium levels. Additional research is needed before conclusions may be made.