Catuaba is a term used to describe teas made from the bark of types of Brazilian trees. These trees include Anemopaegma arvense, Anemopaegma mirandum, Erythroxylum vacciniifolium, and Trichilia catigua. Trichilia catigua is a small tree with clusters of yellow flowers.
Catuaba has been used in Brazilian folk medicine as an aphrodisiac or an adaptogen (which protects the body from environmental factors). Catuaba may also improve the nervous system, heart and vein function, and memory. It may also increase energy and reduce anxiety or tiredness. Finally, catuaba may treat sexual dysfunction or cancer.
The Brazilian herbal medicine Catuama®, a combination of extracts from a species of catuaba, guarana, muira puama, and ginger, has been used. However, at this time evidence that supports the use of catuaba for any condition is lacking.
Alkaloids, alkenyl-gamma-lactone, alkyl-gamma-lactones, Anemopaegma arvense, Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stellfeld ex de Souza, Anemopaegma mirandum, angelim-rosa, beta-sitosterol, Bignoniaceae (family), campesterol, caramuru, cataguá, catigua, catiguá, catiguanin A, catiguanin B, catuaba casca, catuabine A, catuabine B, catuabine C, catuabine D, chuchuhuasha, cinchonain Ia, cinchonain Ib, cinchonain Ic, cinchonain Id, epicatechins, Erythroxylaceae (family), Erythroxylum catuaba, Erythroxylum catuaba Arr. Cam., Erythroxylum vacciniifolium, Erythroxylum vacciniifolium Martius, flavan-3-ol type phenylpropanoids, flavialignan, flavonoids, golden trumpet, kandelin A1, omega-phenyl alkanes, omega-phenyl alkanoic acids, omega-phenyl-gamma-lactones, pau de resposta, piratancara, rutin, stigmasterol, tatuaba catagua, Trichilia catigua, Trichilia catigua Adr. Juss., triol alkaloids, tropane alkaloid N-oxide, tropane alkaloids, tropane-1,3-diol, tropanediol.
Combination product examples: Catuama® (extracts from Trichilia catigua (catuaba), Paullinia cupana, Ptychopetalum olacoides, and Zingiber officinale); Slimple™ (achiote leaf, Cassia nomame, chuchuhuasi, citrus bioflavonoids, CocaBlast™, glycomacropeptide (GMP), green tea, guggulsterones, lotus leaf extract); Nerviton® (Anemopaegma mirandum (catuaba), Cola nitida (noz de cola), Passiflora alata (maracuja), Paullinia cupana (guarana), Ptychopetalum olacoides (marapuama), and thiamine chlorhydrate).
Note: Other extracts called catuaba may be prepared from the bark of trees from the Ilex, Micropholis, Phyllanthus, Secondatia, or Tetragastris genera, and from species from the Myrtaceae (family). Since primary literature on a catuaba extract from these plants was not available, they are not included in this monograph.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.