Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a traditional starch-rich crop belonging to the Moraceae family. The tree, native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands, is widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions. The term "breadfruit" is derived from the Greek words artos (bread) and karpos (fruit). When cooked or baked, the fruit gives off a fragrance similar to fresh baked bread, hence the name.
Breadfruit may lower blood pressure, and it has also been studied in the treatment of tapeworm infection. It may also be used for diabetes, sore eyes, leg pain and tingling, enlarged spleen, skin infections, boils, burns, broken bones, arthritis, and decreased urination. Leaf extracts of the breadfruit tree have been used to treat toothaches and diarrhea. However, well-designed clinical trials are needed before conclusions can be made regarding the effectiveness of breadfruit for any condition.
4-Prenyloxyresveratrol, árbol de pan (Spanish), arbre à pain (French), artocarbene, artocarpesin, artocarpin, artocarpine, Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus camansi, Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus communis Moraceae, Artocarpus incise, Artocarpus incisus, Artocarpus mariannensis, Artocarpus tonkinensis, artochamins, artocommunols, artomunoflavanone, artomunoisoxanthone, bakri-chajhar (Hindi), beta (Vanuatu), BFL, bia (Solomon Islands), blèfoutou (Benin), breadfruit lectin, broodboom (Dutch), broodvrucht (Dutch), Brotfruchtbaum (German), buco (Fiji), bulo (Solomon Islands), chlorophorin, cycloaltilisin 6 (dimeric dihydrochalcone), cycloaltilisin 7 (prenylated flavone), cycloartenol, cyclocomunomethonol, cyclomorusin, dihydroartomunoxanthone, dihydrochalcones, (+)-dihydromorin, fruit à pain (French), fruta de pan (Spanish), fruta pão (Portuguese), frutackin (chitin-binding lectin), frutalin (alpha-D-galactose-binding lectin), frutapan (Caribbean), Gal beta1, GalNAc, geranyl chalcone derivatives, geranyl dihydrochalcones, geranyl flavonoids, isoartocarpesin (6-(3"-methyl-1"-butenyl)-5,7,2',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone), isolespeol, jacalin, kapiak (Tok Pisin), kuru (Cook Islands), lespeol (Spanish - Guatemala, Honduras), mai (Micronesia), mazapan (Spanish - Guatemala, Honduras), meduu (Palau), mei (Micronesia), Moraceae (family), mos (Kosraean - Micronesia), nimbalu (Solomon Islands), nirphanas (Marathi), (+)-norartocarpanon, pain bois (French - Caribbean), pan (Spanish), panapen (Spanish), panbwa (Caribbean), pão de massa (Portuguese), papayotin, rata del (Sinhalese), rimas (Tagalog), shelisheli (Swahili - Tanzania), sukun (Indonesian), terminal Gal, Thai breadfruit, 'ulu (Hawaiian), 'uru (Society Islands), uto (Fiji), Venezuelan breadfruit, xanthoangelol, yovotévi (Benin).
Note: This monograph covers only breadfruit-bearing Artocarpus species and does not go in detail about related species like jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), cempedak (Artocarpus champeden), and marang (Artocarpus odoratissimus). Treculia africana, although known as African breadfruit, is not included in the monograph, as it belongs to a different genus.
These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.