Aikido is a form of martial arts, which combines philosophy, mental training and physical fitness. This particular martial art stresses an awareness of energy and whole-body coordination in combat.
Aikido is a word that is comprised of three Japanese characters: ai, or joining; ki, or spirit; and do, or way. Used together, these words convey the principle of two bodies in combat moving to redirect one another's blows.
Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba over a period of three decades, beginning in the 1920s.
Aikido is not primarily a form of combat technique. Training and working within the aikido also involves a strong spiritual component. Although aikido instruction does focus on the development of physical strength, this practice goes hand in hand with the development of the spiritual self. The English translations of aikido are "the way to union with universal energy," "the way of spiritual harmony," and "the way of peace."
There is a lack of available high quality studies that evaluate the efficacy of aikido as a means of achieving physical fitness or treating any medical condition.
Aikido is a relatively well-known form of martial arts in the United States. As a practice combining spiritual development with physical activity, aikido has become more popular in recent years.

Related Terms

Gendai budo, kanji, kata.