Waist to hip ratio


Waist to hip ratio (WHR) is the circumference of the waist (smallest part of the torso, usually slightly above the navel) divided by the circumference of the hips (largest part of the buttocks). This ratio may indicate body fat distribution and obesity and potentially the risk for certain diseases, such as diabetes, high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease.
Waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) are also tools used to define body fat distribution and obesity.

Related Terms

Apple-shape, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, fat distribution, high cholesterol, hips, obesity, metabolic syndrome, pear-shape, waist, WHR.

charts and calculators

In order to calculate your approximate waist-hip ratio, answer the following questions:
What is your waist circumference (measure around the smallest part of your torso, generally slightly above the navel)?
What is your hip circumference (measure around the largest part of your buttocks)?
Then, divide your waist circumference by your hips circumference: waist/hips.
The result is your ratio. For women, a healthy ratio is 0.8 or lower, and for men it is 1.0 or lower.
Note: The lowest healthy ratio is not known. Although the waist to hip ratio may indicate where fat is distributed on the body, it does not predict the risk of any disease. In fact, the American Heart Association does not recommend using the waist-hip ratio because it is less accurate than body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference alone.