Ménière's syndrome, also called idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops, or Ménière's disease, is a disorder of the inner ear. Although the cause is unknown, Ménière's syndrome is thought to result from an abnormality in the inner ear fluids.
About 100,000 individuals per year develop Ménière's syndrome.
Ménière's syndrome is one of the most common causes of dizziness. In most cases only one ear is involved, but both ears may be affected in about 15% of individuals.
Ménière's syndrome can cause severe dizziness, a roaring or ringing
sound in the ears called tinnitus, sporadic or spontaneous hearing loss, and the feeling of ear pressure or pain. Meniere's syndrome causes bilateral hearing loss in 5-20% of individuals
suffering from the condition.
Symptoms of Ménière's syndrome
usually last from 20 minutes to two hours or more. Ménière's syndrome
typically starts between the ages of 20-50 years. Men and women are affected in equal numbers.
There is no cure for Ménière's disease. However, individuals may be able to control symptoms by changing the diet (see Treatment) or taking medicine so that the body retains less fluid. Severe cases may require surgery.
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