Prolotherapy is based on the idea that chronic pain is often caused by loose ligaments or tendons. Ligaments connect bone to bone and tendons connect muscles to bone. When ligaments or tendons are lax, the muscles must work extra hard to stabilize the joint. Consequently, muscle pain and muscle spasm occur.
Prolotherapy treatment involves injections of a dextrose (a simple sugar) solution near such areas to promote growth and thickening of the ligaments.

Related Terms

Ligaments, nonsurgical reconstructive therapy, proliferative therapy, reconstructive therapy, tendons.